Style Points


Please note that the ICCA Bureau does not reformat nor renumber footnotes and cross-references. Papers that require this kind of edit will be returned to the authors for amendment.

In case of questions or issues related to the style requirements listed below, please feel free to contact Paula Baldini, Deputy Executive Director (Publications) at with copy to the ICCA Bureau at

Length of Submission

Maximum length of contributions varies according to the type of panel: 

For panels with multiple substantive papers: 4,500-6,000 words per paper, including footnotes

For shorter papers: 2,500-3,500 words per paper, including footnotes

Please consult the ICCA Bureau for questions regarding the applicable maximum length.

Biographical Footnote

Please include a brief author biography in an unnumbered footnote. In the Congress Book, author biographies appear in a starred (*) footnote at the beginning of each paper. Any acknowledgments of thanks should also go in footnote *. Following this style in your contribution will avoid the need to renumber footnotes and cross-references. 


Sections of your contribution should be numbered or lettered and have headings, including Introductions and Conclusions. Please use the following four-level outline style.


Level 2 [ italics heading]

a. Level 3 [italics heading]

i. Level 4 [roman heading]

Paragraph Numbering

Do NOT number paragraphs.


Your preference for UK or US spelling will be followed.

Charts, Graphs and Images

The Congress Book is printed in black and white and does not reproduce color. Visual material such as charts, graphs, images and PowerPoint slides will be reproduced in gray-scale and should be comprehensible in that form. When describing graph data in the text, do not refer to color of data presented.


Do not put quotations in italics. Quotations longer than 5 lines should be separated from the main body of the text by line spaces before and after the quotation, and indented. Block quotations should still use quotation marks.

Use double quotation marks (“ ”).

For quotes within quotations, use single quotation marks (‘ ’).

If possible, please include an English translation of quotations in foreign languages.


Footnote numbers in text

Footnote numbers in the body of the text come after any punctuation:

In late March 2016, just days before news broke of the massive “Panama Papers” document leak exposing widespread use of offshore shell companies for tax evasion and other financial crimes,1 journalists reported on another leak of internal documents, this one concerning a little-known Monaco-based company called Unaoil.2  

ICCA style for citation is modified to accommodate both European and American citation formats. Authors may follow their own consistent style, as long as it contains the information below. 

However, please note that in all references always put author’s first name first, then author’s surname.

For books

Include: author’s first name (or first initial) and surname, the full title of the book, the publisher, the date of publication, and the edition number of the book, where relevant. 

For articles in journals

Include: author’s first name (or first initial) and surname, the full title of the article, the full name of the journal in which it is published, the relevant volume number, the year of publication, and any relevant page numbers. For e-publications, please give the full website address (URL) and the last-visited date.

For articles/chapters in books

Include both the article author’s first name (or first initial) and surname and the  book author’s first name (or first initial) and surname.

If any of the above information is missing, your paper will be returned to you to complete the citation. 


Our preferred citation style is OSCOLA


Citing ICCA Publications

Please use the formats below when citing to ICCA Publications:


ICCA Yearbook Commercial Arbitration XV (1990) (henceforth Yearbook) p. 509.

Subsequent citation to a Yearbook:

Yearbook XX (1995) p. 221.


ICCA International Handbook on Commercial Arbitration (henceforth Handbook).

Full citation

See Veeder, “National Report England” in ICCA International Handbook on Commercial Arbitration

(henceforth Handbook) pp. 15-16.

Subsequent citation to Handbook

See Derains and GOODMAN-EVERARD, “National Report France” in Handbook, p. 4.

Congress Series

Full citation

Toby Landau, “The Requirement of a Written Form for an Arbitration Agreement: When ‘Written’ Means ‘Oral’” in International Commercial Arbitration: Important Contemporary Questions, ICCA Congress Series no. 11 (2002) (henceforth ICCA Congress Series no. 11) p. 19.

Subsequent citation to a Congress Series

Toby Landau, “The Requirement of a Written Form for an Arbitration Agreement: When ‘Written’ Means ‘Oral’” in ICCA Congress Series no. 11, p. 19.