Proof: A Plea for Precision

Precision Stream A1

Proof is fundamental and can be maddeningly elusive. But must proof of fact and law so often be so imprecise? This session will explore the often fudged and occasionally ignored elements of burden of proof, the standard of proof, methods of proof to establish applicable law, and the importance of addressing these topics in a procedural order.

Chair: David Brynmor-Thomas (London)



  • Jennifer Smith (Houston)
  • Richard Kreindler (Frankfurt)
  • Anne-Véronique Schlaepfer (Geneva)


Rapporteur: Timothy L. Foden (London)